Lower back pain is a common problem that can occur in any stage of an individual’s life. Lower back includes- lumber spine, lumbosacral joints, sacrum, coccyx and associated soft tissues including muscle tendons, ligaments and intervertebral discs. One of the most common causes for lower back pain is poor posture. Some disease like osteoporosis, scoliosis, herniated discs and spinal stenosis leads to lower back pain. Other causes of lower back pain are fibro myalgia, benign and malignant tumour. Any accidental injury on the lower back can damage the tissues and cause pain. Less/excessive exercise and over weight can also cause pain.
Ayurveda differentiates lower back pain in three basic types. (Doshas) Vata, Pitta and Kapha. Therefore in lower back pain, vata dosha is an important diagnostic factor. Lower back pain can have multiple doshas involved, but the vata dosha is usually regarded as a catalyst.
Ayurveda believes that lower back pain is a result of vitiation of any of the three doshas. Lower back pain is an indication of vata aggravation and bone and muscles weakness. The treatment in Ayurveda is to bring the vitiated dasha back to normal. For treating lower back pain Ayurvedic external and internal treatment are used. In external treatment- kati vasti, pichu, medicated oil massage or acupuncture is used.
Acupuncture is part of Chinese medicine; it is one of the most preferred treatments for lower back pain. Research shows that Acupuncture is very effective in lower back pain. It is the 2nd drug of choice after painkiller.
In Internal treatment- Ayurvedic herbs/diet and lifestyle advice is recommended.
Yoga and Pranayam can assist in reducing pain as it strengthens the lower back structure.
Majority of patients that undergo this treatment say they feel relieved after 6-12 weeks.