What is Ayurveda and why one should use it?
Ayurveda is about 5000 year old medical system that has been widely used in India. The name AYURVEDA is derived from the ancient Sanskrit language. The word Ayur means life and Veda means knowledge or science. So the meaning of Ayurveda is science of life. Ayurveda provides the knowledge to allow us to experience our life span to its optimum natural level. Ayurveda was practiced by rishiesî and yogiesî for thousands of years which laid the foundation of vedic civilization in India. There are four Vedas, Rig-Veda, Yajurveda, Samveda and Athrvana veda. Ayurveda was derived from the sub sections of Rig-Veda and Athrvana veda. Ayurveda is a common sense medicine which can assists the individual with simple care and daily life style. Ayurvedic medicine is preventive in nature and promotes good health. Ayurveda is only medical system that recognizes individual metabolic types .One type of food can be food for one person and same type of food can act as medicine for other person. This difference in metabolism is the reason why some people can eat anything and not gain weight while other have only to look at food and gain weight .This difference of knowledge in individualist is used to make food and herbs and design the treatment which are more effective. With help of Ayurveda we can find out what suites with a individual. Ayurveda is a lifestyle that teaches, how to maintain health and improve both energy and awareness and how to live to full human and spiritual potential. It shows not only how to eliminate disease but also how to promote longevity.
Aims and objectives of Ayurveda
The aim of Ayurveda is not only the healing of illness, but also the prevention of illness and preservation of Health. Ayurveda is a holistic system of medicine, which means that it treats the person as a whole i.e. body mind and soul?
The objective of Ayurveda is to achieve positive health for the individual, and maintenance and promotion of individual health, and also prevention and treatment of diseases.
Principal of Ayurveda
Ayurveda see the life is the combination of body, mind, soul or consciousness and five elements (panchmahabhutas).They are interlinked, each other and are equally important in every person. The basic Ayurvedic belief is that every thing is in the universe
All living beings are composed of five elements called panchabhutas (ether air fire water and earth). In Ayurvedic philosophy, there are three types of primary force or biological humours called doshas . They are created when the pairing of two of the five elements create three types dynamic forces or interactions. The word dosha means changes refer to the way the elements are constantly in motion while retaining a dynamic balance. The word dosha means also spoil referred to the way on imbalance among the element can cause disease; there are three type of dosha – vata, pitta and kapha . vata is a combination of ether and air element .vata is the driving force for other two doshas .vata is responsible for balance, energy, breath, movement, senses, thought, and will. Vata manifests in the life in the form of air, blood, food, nerve impulses thought and waste. The characteristic of vata which affect the body are cold, light, dry, irregular, mobile and rough. Excessive of vata force causes confusion, gas, high blood pressure and nerve irritation. Insufficient of vata causes congestion, constipation, nerve loss and thoughtlessness.
Pitta doshas or life force is the combination of water and fire. The dynamic movement between these two elements symbolize transformation. The transforming nature of pitta is evident in our bodies by digestive enzymes and hormones governing metabolism Pitta works in our minds by transforming chemical and electrical impulses in to thoughts. The characteristics of pitta which affect the bodies are hot light fluid subtle sharp malodorous and clear .excessive pitta causes acne anger hormonal imbalance and ulcer .insufficient of pitta causes indigestion, sluggish metabolism and loss comprehension
Kapha life force is the combination of water and earth element. Kapha is the composition of the cellular structure of our organs and also the fluid which nourishes and protects them. The Kapha characteristics affect the body include oily, cold, heavy, stable, dense, and smooth excessive Kapha force creates mucous build up in the sinus nasal, nasal, lung and colon area. It affects the mind by causing rigidity, fixation and inflexibility. Insufficient Kapha can produce a dry respiration tract, burning stomach and lack of concentration.
According to dosha type, seven types of constitution are formed; single dosha predominant-vata, pitta, kapha. Dual type dosha-vata-pitta, vata-kapha, pitta-kapha , vata pitta kapha -balanced constitution(samaprakriti) people are called vata type, pitta type and kapha type. Everybody has the combination of all three doshas. To get an accurate evaluation on your dosha you should consult an Ayurvedic practitioner.
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